Multiplication! For some children, it’s a fun puzzle and mental challenge to memorize facts and recognize number patterns. For others, memorizing multiplication facts is a complicated chore. We are here to help with tips and a free multiplication chart printable!
This FREE download includes a blank multiplication chart, multiplication chart to 100, and more.
Introducing your child to a multiplication chart
Whether children love or hate multiplication, they cannot avoid it. Multiplication is a skill they will encounter almost daily throughout life and is taught starting in our Simply Good and Beautiful Math 3 homeschool curriculum.
Today, however, let’s look at some ways a multiplication chart simplifies the process of understanding and learning math facts.
Multiplication is best “one bite at a time.” Most children in kindergarten through second grade learn how to count by 1s, 2s, 5s, and 10s (either by skip counting even numbers aloud [2, 4, 6, 8, etc.] or by counting pennies, nickels, and dimes). So this is a good place to start!
Begin with a 10 × 10 multiplication chart to 100.
Have your child point to and say the numbers across the top row and down the left column. He or she should easily notice that both the row and column are counting by 1s.
Now, have them find the number 10 in the left column. Help your child point to and say the numbers across the row. Next, point to the number 10 in the top row and then point to and say the numbers going down that column.
Repeat these steps to introduce your child to the 5s followed by the 2s.
Finally, print out our free blank multiplication chart. Highlight the same rows and columns as reviewed above. Have the child fill in these rows and columns several times until he or she can fill them in with ease.
Math Tip: Place the blank multiplication chart in a dry-erase sleeve and write with a dry-erase marker to use the chart over and over.
Use a multiplication chart to practice skip counting
Once your child has mastered 1s, 2s, 5s, and 10s, he or she is ready to focus on any of the other rows/columns. If your child is just learning skip counting, focus on the number being learned.
If he or she has already learned skip counting, review the patterns based on the child’s personal level of difficulty, from easiest to hardest. The easier rows and columns will need less reviewing.
Find specific math facts on a multiplication chart
Factors can be switched in multiplication equations and produce the same product. For example, 3×5 and 5×3 both have a product of 15. Help your child locate 3×5. Point to the 3 in the left column with your left hand and the 5 in the top row with your right hand.
Follow the row and column until your fingers meet at 15. Now, switch the factors and find the 5 in the left column and the 3 in the top row. Pull your fingers down and across again until they meet at 15.
Use a multiplication chart beyond skip counting
Now that your child easily sees the skip-counting patterns on the chart, it is time to put it all together. Some children fill in their easiest rows and columns first, leaving the hardest rows and columns for last:
Other children benefit by focusing on a smaller board, as shown below.
The smaller blank charts are available in our FREE, multiplication charts printable. Print it and fill in the numbers you want to focus on.
Math Tip: Set a timer and challenge the child to “beat the time.” For some children, timers can be a great challenge. For others, it can cause anxiety. Only use a timer when the child finds it an exciting dynamic.
Multiplication charts for older children
Locating doubles on the chart is a helpful pattern to see. Point out the 2s, 4s, and 8s to see the similar patterns in these rows.
Locating and seeing the pattern in 3s, 6s, and 9s is another helpful set.
Square Numbers and Symmetry
A square number is a number multiplied by itself: 1×1, 2×2, 3×3, 4×4, and so on. Point out the factors 1×1 with your finger and drag each finger down and across to meet at the product. Repeat this process for each of the square numbers until the entire diagonal line is filled in.
This diagonal line also acts as a line of symmetry. Point out to your child that each fact has a mirrored fact. For example, 6×5 is a reflection of 5×6. Understanding this concept helps a child see that there are half as many multiplication facts on the chart as he or she thinks there are.
Math Tip: Fill in some of the numbers on the chart, and have the child fill in the missing numbers. This is another way to make the chart seem less overwhelming.
Has your child already mastered his or her multiplication facts and moved ahead to fractions? Did you know a multiplication chart is also a helpful tool for studying equivalent fractions? Look at the chart below:
As you can see, we highlighted rows 3 and 4. If you put a fraction bar under the 3, it is now the fraction ¾. Next, draw a fraction bar under each of the numbers in row 3 and read them as fractions: 6/8, 9/12, 12/16, 15/20, 18/24. Each of these fractions is equal to ¾.
This works for any two rows on the chart! For example, try finding the equivalent fractions to 5/6. It also works for rows that are nonsequential. Try finding the equivalent fractions to 2/5. *See answers below.
Math Tip: A multiplication chart is also helpful for reducing fractions—just follow the numerator and denominator all the way to the left to simplify. For example 4/6 reduces to 2/3.
5/6: 10/12, 15/18, 20/24, 25/30, 30/36
2/5: 4/10, 6/15, 8/20, 10/25, 12/30
Whether your child is new to multiplication or needs new ways to see number patterns, a multiplication chart comes in handy!
Be sure to download these charts in our FREE multiplication printable below.
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